I sometimes get headaches after having sex or masturbating. Is there an explanation for this? How can I find relief?


Head pains leading up to and during orgasm are often caused by a phenomenon known as “Benign Sexual Headaches.” They can be quite painful, but luckily there are many known treatments for this condition. Please know we are not qualified medical practitioners, and if  headaches do persist, we highly recommend a visit to a physician who will be able to properly diagnose this pain. In some cases, these headaches are a symptom of underlying conditions which require medical treatment. However, we can offer some holistic solutions to try which may help alleviate this pain.

Often, Benign Sexual Headaches are exacerbated by being tired, stressed, and engaging in masturbation several times in rapid succession. Try to create a cool, relaxed environment, remember to breathe, and drink lots of water to prevent dehydration. If a computer is being used as a visual aid, staring at a computer screen for a prolonged period can also worsen headaches in some people. Some people also find that changing the position in which they masturbate provides relief (i.e. lying down).

Most of the time, Benign Sexual Headaches disappear on their own. Although they are rarely a health risk, it is still important to seek out a physician, who can run the proper tests and provide treatment to reduce the pain.

I want to have sex more often than my partner, is this normal? How can I solve this problem?


It is common for couples to find that they have different sex drives. Just because your libidos are not currently synchronized does not mean that you and your partner cannot enjoy a gratifying sexual relationship. This difference can be solved through communication, compromise, and the use of other outlets for your sexual energy.

    First, do not feel shy communicating about sex with your partner and telling him when you are aroused. Through effective communication you and your partner can come to better understand each other’s physical needs and desires and reach a happy compromise. You may also want to set aside time for you and your partner that is specifically designated for intimacy. If your partner is too tired for sex in the evening, try initiating sexual intercourse in the morning or midday while you are both refreshed and energetic. If there are times when your partner would not like to participate in sexual activity but you find yourself aroused, there are ways in which you can resolve your arousal yourself. Masturbation is an extremely healthy way to get to know your own body and release sexual tension without a partner. It could be done alone or even in front of your partner. Another useful way to release energy is to exercise; this activity is good for you and can help alleviate sexual energy. You could also try to focus your thoughts somewhere else when you feel yourself becoming aroused. This could be a solo activity or something you and your partner do together. You could propose a fun activity that you both will enjoy that will help you take your mind off your arousal.

    There is nothing wrong or unusual with having a high libido and being in a relationship with someone whose libido is not the same as yours. Communication is key to resolving differences that naturally arise in any relationship.

My partner and I have tried everything, but I cannot reach orgasm with him/her. I can have them on my own through masturbation, what should I do?

The condition you are referring to is known as female orgasmic disorder, or anorgasmia, which is the difficulty or impossibility to achieve orgasm. Most sexual difficulties, including anorgasmia, can stem from both physical and psychological causes. In other words, there may be nothing physically wrong, but you may be thinking about the problem too much and creating a mental blockade. Remember, anxiety is the opposite of orgasm. The female climax requires a complete letting go of bodily control, which may be difficult. In addition, you may feel the need to reciprocate sexual stimulation during partner sex, which may be distracting. This may explain why you are able to give yourself an orgasm (because you are focused and in control), but cannot achieve one when someone else is trying to make you climax. Additionally, try not to think about orgasm as the major goal of sex and instead focusing on all of the pleasurable aspects of the interaction. You will certainly enjoy the experience more and you might even reach that orgasm you desire!

While you say that you have tried everything, we want to stress that it is rare for a female to orgasm from penis-vaginal intercourse alone. Females oftentimes find that cunnilingus (oral stimulation of the clitoris and vulva) is usually the sexual practice that leads to orgasm because the clitoris is directly stimulated. Talk to your partner; make sure he/she is doing what you want him/her to do. Your partner cannot feel the sensations you are feeling, so using communication will definitely help! Allowing your partner to watch you masturbate (manually or with a vibrator) can be a good way to show him/her exactly what you want. For more information, please see our in-depth article on Anorgasmia. Best of luck!


Why is my period brownish/blackish in color? Is this normal, and can I still engage in sexual activity?

When a women is nearing the end of their period they may start seeing very brown or black blood. Periods tend to begin with bright red blood (new blood just shed from the uterus) then transition to darker blood as the older blood is shed. (Blood gets darker and thicker as it sits in the uterus.) The blood flow should gradually become lighter and stop after several days much like any other period. If this is not when an individual usually has their period, they may be experiencing spotting, and it is likely nothing to worry about. However, if this dark blood continues to worry them or they begin to experience other symptoms, we recommend they visit their doctor.

To answer the second question, women can have sex on their period, and we absolutely recommend using a condom to prevent pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Unless they are trying to conceive or are engaging in sex with a clean, trusted partner, we always recommend using protection. Periods do not interfere with the efficacy of condoms or most birth control methods.

I am worried that my vagina is too tight for intercourse. Can I still have pleasurable sex?

First, we would like to say that sexual performance and the size/width/tightness of a woman’s vaginal canal are factors oftentimes unrelated from one another. Women need not worry about the tightness of their vagina and its effect on their sexual function or pleasure! Sex can be pleasurable for both women and their partners regardless of your vaginal “tightness.” However, many women have reported an increase in pleasure and sensitivity after practicing muscle tightening exercises called Kegel exercises, which work to strengthen their pubococcygeus (PC) or “pelvic floor” muscles. This suggests that having strong PC muscles (AKA a “tight vagina”) may have some advantages regarding sexual sensation because they can increase both male and female pleasure. A tight vagina can allow for more coital (penile/vaginal) friction, which in turn increases stimulation and the possibility of orgasm for both partners.

           Sometimes, however, the vagina can be too tight and penetration may be difficult and painful for females. This condition is known as Vaginismus and is characterized by involuntary spasms of the pelvic floor muscles that surround the vagina. These spasms can make penetration impossible or extremely difficult. If a woman feels pain or discomfort during penetration, we would advise them to schedule an appointment with a gynecologist for proper diagnosis and treatment (vaginismus is treatable, so do not be afraid or disappointed if you are experiencing any of these symptoms).

Lastly, we would like to note that a female’s vagina might become “loose” (AKA her pelvic floor muscles have weakened) after giving birth, not merely from having many sexual partners or encounters. Again, these muscles can be strengthened/tightened through Kegels, which also aids in urinary control and stronger, longer lasting orgasms.

I am a middle-aged female, and I oftentimes have no sexual desire. Is this normal, and how can I change my libido?

There are many factors that can contribute to a decrease in sexual desire. As women age, many changes occur in their body that can affect sexual desire. One of the most significant changes is menopause, the time in a female's life when she ceases to menstruate. This usually occurs between the ages of 40 to 60 and can affect their libido (sex drive) by causing changes such as decreased lubrication, lower estrogen levels (the female sex hormone), lower testosterone levels (the hormone believed to be responsible for female sexual arousal), and vaginal atrophy (the thinning and decreasing elasticity of the vaginal walls). Certain drugs, including those used to treat depression and others used to relieve the symptoms of menopause, can contribute to lower sexual desire. Other hormonal changes, negative sexual experiences, depression, anxiety and stress, non-sexual medical issues, habituation to their partner, and relationship problems can also cause sexual desire to decrease.

           There are a variety of treatments that can be used to combat low sexual desire depending on which factors are relevant in any particular case. If a woman has been feeling stressed or anxious, meditation, exercise, and psychotherapy can help reduce stress and increase sexual desire. Certain medications, such as anti-anxiety medication, bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release tablets, and Lorexys, have been shown to increase sexual desire in females. A clitoral therapy device called the EROS-CTD, designed to increase blood flow to the clitoral area by creating a gentle suction over the clitoris, could also be a solution. Other treatments include sensate focus, Kegel exercises, and self-exploration through autoeroticism and masturbation.

            In order to figure out exactly what is causing a women’s decreased sexual desire and the best way to treat it, it is important to seek medical attention. The cause may be an underlying medical issue that can be diagnosed and alleviated by a physician. It is also important to have open and effective communication in a romantic relationship.Women should talk to their partner about how they have been feeling and possible ways that the two of them can make their sex life more exciting and appealing. Proper identification of the cause of their low sexual desire, whether it be physiological, psychological, or interpersonal, is crucial for effective treatment.

There could be several possible answers to this question. The first possibility is that there could be no specific reason for the changes, as sex is never quite the same and can feel different each time! Women’s bodies respond in different ways depending on many factors such as stress level,  mood, or the stage of their menstrual cycle. We recommend experimenting by having sex at different times of the day/week/month and see if any of these feelings change. Also, if a women hasn’t had sex in a while, the muscles in their vagina will become used to being closed, so the first time they have sex after a break their vagina may be a little tighter than normal.

    The difference that a women’s partner is experiencing could be dependent on which sex position they both are in. He will feel a difference depending on how the women’s body is positioned and the angle of penetration. One position that can increase the feeling of “tightness” is if the woman lays on their stomach with their legs together and have their partner enter from behind. The added friction from the women’s thighs will provide their partner with more pressure and “tightness.”

    The amount of time spent on foreplay also changes both the lubrication level and the shape of a women’s vagina. If a woman is not properly and completely aroused, they will not have a lot of natural lubrication, which will make their partner feel more friction but could end up being painful for them. Most of the time, the vagina lies flat, but when a female is aroused, the vagina lengthens and the inner two-thirds expand in a process called “tenting.” The biological function of this action is to create a receptacle for semen. When a woman is properly aroused, the factors mentioned above may combine to make it feel as if their vagina is “looser,” but it should not be a concern as this is their body’s natural reaction to ensure that the sex is pleasurable and comfortable for them.

There is one way that a woman can increase the strength of their vaginal muscles (and in turn tightness of their vagina), and it is through Kegel exercises. Kegel exercises strengthen the pubococcygeus (PC) muscle, which forms the pelvic floor and supports the pelvic organs, to increase sexual response and satisfaction. To locate their PC muscle, they must try stopping the flow of their urine. The muscle that they clench to do this is their PC muscle. Practice squeezing this muscle, and gradually build up the number of repetitions and the length of each squeeze. Just like normal exercise, doing this often will strengthen a woman’s PC muscle. Anyone can practice Kegel exercises discretely almost anytime and anywhere (e.g., in their car, in their living room, etc.). Strengthening this muscle will add to the overall tightness of their vagina and also give you stronger contractions during orgasm, which will make their orgasms feel more powerful (a win-win situation!). Women can try clenching their PC muscle slightly during sex to increase the pleasure for her and her partner.  

There are many reasons a condom could be irritating to someones vagina, so we will list several below.

Latex Allergy

Most condoms are made out of latex, and about 1 to 3% of people have latex allergies. Physical reactions to a latex allergy can include a rash on or around the genitals, redness, blistering, and itching; they usually begin to appear 6 to 48 hours after the exposure to latex. If someone ever experiences more severe symptoms, like cramps, hives, severe itching, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, or difficulty breathing, they should stop using the condom immediately, and should not hesitate to contact a doctor. These may be signs of a severe and life-threatening form of latex allergy. If someone would like to know for sure whether or not they may be allergic to latex, they should contact a physician who will be able to test them for the allergy.

Plastic (also known as polyurethane, a type of rubber) condoms are available for people with latex allergies. Plastic and latex condoms have roughly equivalent efficacy rates of preventing pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Polyurethane condoms are slightly thinner and less flexible than latex ones, so more lubrication and caution are required when putting one on. (Plastic condoms also tend to be more expensive.) Remember that both oil-based and water-based lubricants are safe to use with plastic condoms, but oil-based lubricants should never be used with latex condoms. Oil deteriorates latex and makes it much more likely to tear.  


    Some condoms contain a spermicide, which helps eliminate any sperm that may escape the condom. Unfortunately, the active ingredient in most spermicides is the chemical nonoxynol-9. Nonoxynol-9 has been shown to irritate the vaginal walls and cause lesions (small cuts), which could be the cause of irritation. Check to see if the condoms that are used contain this ingredient, and if they do, find condoms that do not. (This should not be difficult to do because most condoms no longer contain spermicide.)

Insufficient Lubrication

    A very common cause of vaginal irritation or pain during intercourse is insufficient lubrication. If someone is not very aroused or their vagina naturally produces less lubrication, penetrative sexual activity may cause too much friction, and this friction can irritate their vagina by creating microscopic tears in the vaginal walls. Lesions not only cause irritation, but they also facilitate the transmission of STIs and viruses. Because of this, it is very important to be sufficiently lubricated before any penetration occurs, especially if the penetration is going to be vigorous. Luckily, there is a very simple solution: use a personal lubricant! There are many different types available, so people can experiment and see if any help. As mentioned previously, never use an oil-based lubricant with a latex condom.

    The condoms being used may have a textured surface. This is said to increase stimulation for the female, and therefore increase pleasure. However, perhaps this texture is creating too much friction and is irritating. If this is the case then a person should use a condom that has a smooth surface.

Different brands and kinds of condoms produce different sensations. People should try to use a different brand of condom and find one that feels more comfortable.

Condom Quality

Check that the condoms that are being used are neither expired nor damaged. Check that the wrapping is not torn, punctured, or worn out. Check the expiration date. Condoms should never be stored in direct sunlight or exposed to high temperatures. When the condom is taken out of its packaging, make sure that it is not discolored, torn, sticky, dry, or brittle. If its believed that a condom has been compromised in any way, do not use it.

We would like to calm anyone’s worries regarding the curve of their  penis by letting them know that the shape of a man’s penis can vary considerably from person to person. More importantly, we want to stress that as long as the curvature of a man’s penis does not cause any discomfort or pain to the individual or their partner, the shape of their penis should not be a cause for alarm.

We would like to underscore the fact that a curved penis is actually much more common than it seems. In fact, more than 50 percent of men have a slight curve or tilt to their erection. Some curve up, some down, some to one side or the other. These men are not alone! The need for treatment or corrective procedures depends on the severity of the curvature, and most men do not require any straightening procedures. If a man has just a slight curve in any direction, it is unlikely that it has any significant effect during penetrative intercourse. However, if the curve is more severe it can make sex painful for the man and his partner. (This is especially true for penises that curve down.) If the curve of a man’s penis is causing them pain or discomfort, we recommend seeking professional medical help. A doctor will be able to provide an individual with much more specific information and treatment, if necessary.

Ultimately, the decision to seek corrective surgery for cosmetic reasons rests with the individual. While surgery can be effective, it can pose many unnecessary and serious risks, including impotence (the inability to become erect or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse). It is strongly advised that surgery be sought out in only the most severe cases in which intercourse is extremely painful or even impossible. As mentioned previously, a slight curve in the penis is very common and not a cause for concern. If it is not interfering with a man’s sex or daily life, they should know that there is no cause for concern.

Epididymal hypertension or "blue balls" refers to the testicular aching that occurs when a male is sexually aroused for a prolonged period of time, and the blood in his genitals is not dissipated because he does not orgasm. The reason this condition is termed “blue balls” is because the scrotum may turn a bluish hue from the accumulation of deoxygenated blood in the testicles. Oxygen-rich blood is bright red while oxygen-poor blood is dark red. When blood remains in the genitals because of prolonged sexual arousal, it does not circulate back to the heart and lungs and its dark appearance contributes to the bluish hue of the scrotum.

Epididymal hypertension does not usually last for very long, and the pain associated with it is often minor. Some men grow frustrated when they are sexually aroused but do not achieve orgasm. This frustration and failure to ejaculate can add psychological stress to physical discomfort and exacerbate his discomfort. The simplest remedy for blue balls is orgasm and ejaculation. Masturbation is often the most viable way to achieve orgasm, especially if one's partner is not ready for intercourse. The testicular pain will dissipate slowly after orgasm, and a single orgasm should be sufficient to relieve the tension. Without orgasm, the tension will slowly relieve itself as the individual becomes less aroused. If a man continues to experience significant or persistent pain, we recommend that they visit their doctor. 

This painful experience can have multiple sources of origin. The following suggestions are simply possibilities we believe may be the cause of this rectal pain and are not meant in any way to be an official medical diagnosis. During the excitement phase of the sexual response cycle, the penis becomes erect due to an increase in blood flow to the genital area (this process of engorgement is called vasocongestion). When the penis is fully erect but does not progress through the phases of sexual response (stopping sexual relations prior to emission and ejaculation), the increase blood supply is still present and can lead to pain in the genital area. Medically known as temporary fluid congestion, this ailment causes a mild cramp-like ache in the prostate and swelling and tenderness of the testes. The rectal pain might be physiologically linked to the prostate ache; if this is the case, we suggest masturbating (perhaps alone versus mutual masturbation with a partner) to ejaculation when ejaculation does not occur in a person’s sexual encounters with their partner.

Another possible explanation for rectal pain could be hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectal canal and are classified by two sub-categories: external hemorrhoids and internal hemorrhoids. Veins that are swollen within the anal canal lead to internal hemorrhoids, while veins that swell near the opening of the anus characterize external hemorrhoids. People can experience both types at the same time or individually and are characterized by similar symptoms. These symptoms include: bleeding during bowel movements, itching, and rectal pain. The swollen anal veins of internal hemorrhoids might be the cause of that pain. Walking can create extra pressure on the swollen veins, causing mild to extreme pain. The symptoms associated with hemorrhoids might become more intense after sexual encounters due to the excess fluid congestion and pressure in the area. Hemorrhoids can be easily treated with over-the-counter creams and medications. 

Sometimes when I am having sex with my partner, I ejaculate before I would like to. Is there anything I can do to prevent this from occurring?

It is very common for a man to ejaculate before he intends to during sex. In order to combat this, there are a variety of techniques designed to help a male partner last longer before ejaculating. One method is called the “Stop-Start Technique,” in which the male’s partner stimulates his penis until he can sense orgasm is near (a man can stimulate himself as well). As soon as he feels this, stimulation must stop until the male’s arousal decreases. Once the male has returned to the plateau stage of the sexual response cycle, stimulation may begin again. (If you would like to learn more about the sexual response cycle, please click here.) Through repetition of this process, a male can slowly learn to improve his orgasmic control.

A second method of prolonging orgasm is known simply as the “Squeeze Technique.” It is similar to the “Stop-Start” method (mentioned above). Instead of ceasing stimulation near orgasm, however, either the male or his partner squeezes right below the glans (the head of the penis) or the base of the penis, until arousal has decreased. When the male is ready, stimulation may begin again. More information on these techniques can be found in our article: Premature Ejaculation.

Another factor to bear in mind is that orgasm should not be the end goal of sexual activity. Sex can often be very fulfilling and satisfying even when one or both partners do not orgasm. In fact, many partners learn to enjoy foreplay and intercourse more than the orgasm itself. Couples should try to treat the entire experience as if there is no goal in mind; they should take their time with foreplay, communicate, explore each other’s bodies, and discover what makes each other feel pleasure along the way. Lastly, it is important to remember that even after orgasm, one can still satisfy his or her partner with the fingers (manual stimulation) or mouth (oral stimulation), or even with sex toys such as dildos and vibrators.


More information on these methods of sexual stimulation can be found on our website:

·         Manual Stimulation

·         Oral Sex

·         Female Masturbation

·         Sex Toys


Male infertility can result from several factors, including low sperm count, abnormal sperm shape or size, and reduced sperm motility. These abnormalities can result from both a male’s lifestyle and genetics. While it takes the fertilization of just one egg by one sperm to achieve pregnancy, there are millions of sperm in every ejaculate that never reach an egg. A typical ejaculation contains about 100 million sperm. A low sperm count is defined as fewer than 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. In order to maintain a healthy sperm count, make sure to avoid smoking cigarettes, decrease exposure to toxins such as pesticides, limit consumption of alcohol, and reduce activities that promote excessive heating of your scrotum—such as sitting in a hot bath or hot tub. Some studies have also shown that keeping a cell phone in a man’s pocket or computer on their lap may decrease  their sperm count by heating the testicles with electromagnetic frequencies. To maintain healthy sperm levels, it is also important to establish a healthy weight and diet and to remain physically active.

For natural methods to increase sperm count, some turn to acupuncture and nutrition. Acupuncture treatments focus on returning the entire body to a state of balance, in hopes that whole-body health (including sperm health) will increase in quality. Acupuncture may also help relieve stress, which can be correlated with a reduced sperm count. Adjusting a man’s  nutrition to increase sperm levels can include adding supplements, such as multi-vitamins, fish oil, and Selenium, to their diet. Selenium levels can be increased with the consumption of brazil nuts, liver, turkey, crimini mushrooms, and fish such as snapper, cod, halibut, tuna, salmon, sardines, and shrimp. Eating foods with zinc may also boost sperm levels. This mineral can be found in lamb, venison, pumpkin seeds, yogurt, green peas, and beef. Vitamin B (found in clams, oysters, eggs, beef, lamb, and cheese) and Vitamin C (found in plants and fruits, especially red peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes, and citrus fruits) are two vitamins that may help improve sperm count. Herbal tonics made with maca root, schisandra fruit and seed, tribulus, or ashwagandha root may also help increase sperm count. Men should reduce the intake of foods that mimic estrogen in the male body since these can throw off their natural hormone levels. Things that mimic estrogen—and should therefore be avoided—include soy foods, hormones added to dairy and meat, pesticides, and plastic seepage from bottles and food containers. It takes about three months for sperm to mature in the testes, so a change in diet may not have visible results for at least three to six months.  

There are also alternative methods to achieving pregnancy. A man should talk to their health care provider about surgery, medication, and hormone treatments that may help increase the chances of conception. One method is intrauterine insemination, in which the male provides the doctor with a sample of his semen. From this sample, the doctor separates the healthy sperm from the semen and then places these sperm directly into the female’s uterus. This increases the chance that sperm will successfully reach and fertilize an egg. In vitro fertilization is another option, in which the female’s eggs are removed and combined with sperm in a lab. Once fertilization has occurred, one or more fertilized eggs are placed into the female’s uterus in hopes that a pregnancy will result. 

This is very common, many men have difficulty maintaining an erection directly before a sexual opportunity. He may have too many things on his mind and feel anxious before having sex. Some men worry that they aren’t experienced enough and fear judgment from their partner. Others may be intimidated by some women and experience something termed “performance anxiety.” This term is problematic because it insinuates that having sex is a performance, which is not true. Sex is not a way for a man to “show off” or “perform” by any means, rather, it is an opportunity for a man and his partner to make each other feel wonderful. To keep this from reoccurring, a man can try relaxing before attempting to have intercourse. Stretching or doing yoga may help them find inner peace and make them feel more confident. Having a grip on their psyche will have tremendous effects on a man’s sex life in various ways. Communicating with their future partner about their fears may actually make them feel relieved and more relaxed. If a man continues to feel nervous before having sex, they may want to question the suitability of their partner. A man should make sure their partner welcomes sexual contact and makes them feel welcome in the bedroom.

The “difficulty” described regarding a lack of ejaculatory fluid may be a condition called “ejaculatory incompetence” (please note this term is from the professional literature and does NOT imply any incompetence on the part of the male experiencing the problem!). Ejaculatory incompetence is defined as a male’s evident inability to ejaculate, even with the presence of an erection and sexual arousal. Another possibility is a condition called “partial ejaculatory incompetence,” which results in a “half” orgasm – that is, slight seepage of semen without true orgasmic sensations (caused by pelvic muscle contractions). Partial ejaculatory incompetence is relatively common for males and is often related to fatigue or a state of stress in the man’s life.

If there are satisfying orgasms without ejaculation, however, there could be a deeper physiological (biological) cause. One possible culprit is the phenomenon called “retrograde ejaculation,” in which semen enters the bladder upon ejaculation instead of going out through the penis. With retrograde ejaculation, the sphincter muscle that typically blocks off the opening to the bladder does not function properly, allowing all or part of the semen to travel up into the bladder instead of through the tip of the penis. If this is occurring, urine may appear cloudy after sexual climax. The presence of semen in the bladder is harmless. In some cases, though, retrograde ejaculation can cause infertility, so it is important to speak with a doctor to determine the actual underlying cause of ejaculatory difficulty. 

Blood in urine is medically referred to as hematuria and can have many different causes. Forceful or harsh coughing does not usually lead to blood in urine, so it is probable that the pain and bleeding are caused by another factor. The following are possible causes for these symptoms and are not meant as an official medical diagnoses. If the problem persists or worsens, we recommend visiting a doctor for proper evaluation and treatment.

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are infections of parts of the urinary tract system, are a common cause of hematuria accompanied by painful urination. Infections of the urethra (urethritis) and infections of the bladder (cystitis) are more common and less detrimental than infections of the kidneys (pyelonephritis). The symptoms of these infections are as follows:

  • Urethritis: painful urination

  • Cystitis: pelvic pressure or pain, lower abdominal pain, urinary urgency and pain, blood or pus in urine.

  • Pyelonephritis: nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, upper back and side pain, abdominal pain, urinary urgency.

If any of these symptoms are experienced, it is important to visit a physician for treatment immediately because the infections can worsen and complications, such as kidney damage, may arise. No over-the-counter treatment or home remedy, such as drinking cranberry juice, can cure UTIs; antibiotics are vital for treatment.

Another possible cause of the hematuria are kidney stones. Kidney stones can be caused by dehydration and symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, dark-colored urine, light-headedness, and dry cough. Passing kidney stones through the urethra can be extremely painful and can often cause small tears in the urethra leading to hematuria. Other urological conditions such as kidney disease, enlarged prostate, or kidney injury may be possible etiologies (causes) of hematuria.